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What Are Periodontal Diseases?
Periodontal disease, commonly called gum disease, is an infection of the gums, ligaments and bone holding the tooth socket. The earliest stage is gingivitis, which affects the outside of the gums. If a person does not seek gingivitis treatment, the disease may progress. While the prevalence of gum disease has decreased over the last several decades, it’s still a health concern because it increases a person’s risk of developing systemic diseases. In seniors aged 65 years and over, periodontal disease increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease by 44 percent, which is why we take gum disease in South Bend seriously.
How Does Gingivitis Start?
Gingivitis starts when the bacteria in plaque left in your mouth release toxins that can inflame your gums. If you don’t brush and floss well enough to remove plaque from the gumline, it will harden into tartar, which only a dental professional can remove. Plaque sticks to tartar, further irritating your gums and causing gingivitis symptoms, such as gums that bleed when you brush near them. If you notice gingivitis symptoms, you can get treatment at our dental office to reverse the disease. Left untreated, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis.
What Are the Common Signs of Gingivitis?
You may notice the following gingivitis symptoms:
- Gums which go from pink to red
- Swollen gums
- Gums which bleed easily
Gingivitis treatment will relieve the symptoms and eliminate the disease. Please call us if you have any signs of gingivitis. Reversing gum disease is possible at the gingivitis stage.
What Signs of Gum Disease Are Visible?
You may notice the following gum disease symptoms:
- Sensitive teeth
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums, which can make your teeth appear longer
Please contact us for an appointment if you notice any of these gum disease symptoms. Our dentist can create a custom treatment plan to restore your oral health.
Are There Gum Disease Stages?
Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It’s gum inflammation from a bacterial infection caused by plaque and tartar buildup. Even if someone brushes twice a day, it’s hard to remove plaque at the gumline. Many individuals are unaware they have gingivitis because the symptoms can be mild and barely noticeable when they come on gradually. Gingivitis treatment from a dentist is highly effective and should result in a gingivitis cure. Without treatment, the disease may progress. Using tobacco products increases a person’s chance of developing gingivitis since the chemicals in tobacco and tobacco smoke make it harder to keep the mouth clean.
The word periodontitis comes from periodontal, which means “surrounding the tooth”. Periodontitis can damage the gums and bone holding the teeth in place. Bacteria get under the gums in periodontal pockets, causing them to recede. To help diagnose periodontitis, your dentist will measure the pocket depth.
With advanced periodontitis, the pockets get deeper. The disease damages the gum and bone securing the teeth, so they become loose. Without gum disease treatment, teeth will eventually fall out. Severe gum disease is linked to serious health conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Can Dentists Offer a Gingivitis Cure?
Dentists have a gingivitis cure, which starts with a professional teeth cleaning. This eliminates built-up plaque and tartar near the gumline, giving you a clean slate to begin practicing good oral hygiene, which your dentist or hygienist will explain. Regular exams and professional cleanings, along with better at-home dental care, should keep gingivitis from returning. Please call our office if you notice signs of gingivitis so we can treat the disease and prevent any worsening.
What Treatment Can I Expect for Moderate to Severe Gum Disease?
Your dentist will have to control the infection with medication. He or she will also typically suggest a deep cleaning for moderate gum disease to clean bacteria out from under the gum. Periodontal pocket elimination, usually through surgery, is essential to a good treatment outcome with severe periodontitis. Your dentist can also replace bone and gum lost to advanced periodontitis with grafts.
Is Gum Disease Irreversible?
Treating gum disease when it’s in its earliest stage gives you the best chance of reversing gum disease before it does any permanent damage. There’s a gingivitis cure but not always a gum disease cure if a person has moderate to severe periodontal disease because some damage is irreversible. However, getting treatment for gum disease in South Bend can stop the infection and pain and help restore your oral health.