Understanding Your Teeth and Proper Dental Care

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in South Bend, call The Dental Center of Indiana today at (855) 979-3358 or make an appointment.

The Dental Center offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in South Bend. With 5 affiliated practices throughout Indiana, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At The Dental Center of Indiana, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at The Dental Center of Indiana.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
on time,good service ,friendly staff
Robert R.
Everyone was very nice. I liked how my options were explained to me and then received a statement that clearly indicates the financial responsibility of each procedure.
Randy N.
The hygienist and denist are always very nice and understanding. Great experience for my special needs daughter and me.
Lydwine W.
Everyone is so nice and worked my kids in for sealants while we were there
Josiah W.
my daughter feels very comfortable with the dental center you work very well with children ..
Dorathy P.
Good service..
Adriel R.
Dr Carrol was the best oral surgeon i have ever seen. I asked him to be gentle when giving the numbing shot and was very gentle when extracting the tooth. I have had little to no pain afterwards. No […]
Isreal D.
Staff were very knowledgeable and came to aid in a reasonable amount of time.
Noah S.
Friendly and professional service. They take the time to listen to what you have to say.
Sue C.
Every thing went smoothly and (my teeth) had improved from the last time I was there. Can’t ask for more…..
Frances W.
I’ve always had great experiences with the hygienists and Very happy with the work dr metzler does…. They all seem to genuinely care about the patient.
Debbie H.
If you need a dentist and are scared due to past experiences don’t worry, go to the dental center of Mishawaka and not only will your teeth look good and will show them off with a smile but […]
George K.
Awesome people, I have had the best experience with my dental care.
Larry A.
Friendliness of the dental assistant.
David B.
The staff has always been curteous and professional. Also they explain everything so you have no surprises.
Duane B.
Friendly staff and they cared about my dental needs.
Ariadna R.
Dr kiser helped eliminate the pressure on 2 of my teeth and solved my problem. Thanks bunches
Erin B.
I’m always given the very best care by the people at The Dental Center
Kleasha J.
The staff was friendly and great with my three year old.
Braelyn W.
Love the dentist she is very personable and considerate. Great outgoing personality. (Female dentist not the male)
Kai N.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here